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Legislation & Regulation

Legislative and Regulatory Update

• Our Federal Landlord
Range Magazine has an excellent article titled “Our Federal Landlord” that details the federal government’s  unconstitutional purchase and control of public lands.

Dr. Michael S. Coffman writes, “The U.S. Constitution specifically prohibits the federal government from owning large blocks of land. The reason for this has become obvious in the past 50 years. Rural residents who make their living from Western federal lands today are finding that Washington is regulating them toward bankruptcy while an ill-informed population in the East is complicit by default.”

The article covers the history of federal land grabs and the laws and treaties that have been promulgated over the past hundred years that are in direct conflict with the U.S. Constitution. It’s available free at and is a must read. (7-page pdf file -- may take a minute to load.)

• One down, two to go
Public Lands for the People (PLP) successfully appealed the injunction that started much of the suction gold dredging fiasco in California. This was the taxpayer lawsuit filed by Leeon Hillman of the Karuk Tribe in Alameda County Superior Court.

The court ruled, “Because recently enacted legislation prohibits suction dredge mining in the near term and at least until environmental review is completed and new regulations are in place, there is no longer a threat of immediate irreparable harm justifying provisional relief in the form of a preliminary injunction. Accordingly, we shall reverse the trial court’s order.”

This is only the first hurdle—it clears the way for PLP’s challenge of SB 670 and AB 120, the two California bills that are currently holding up the issuance of dredge permits.

Meanwhile, the California Department of Fish & Game announced that they anticipate releasing new suction dredging regulations as soon as February 2012. We’ll have to wait and see what those look like, but we’re not holding our breath for anything reasonable based on the process so far.

• Challenging timing windows in Washington State
Washington State miner Bruce Beatty has filed a complaint in Superior Court after exhausting his appeals with the Pollution Control Hearing Board over the ridiculous timing windows for placer mining in the state.

The Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW) wanted to limit Beatty’s work window to two weeks during the middle of winter. He applied for an exception, but was denied by the WDFW, and that denial was later affirmed by the Pollution Control Hearings Board.

It’s a strong case that should finally put the unwarranted and unreasonable timing windows to rest, but funds are needed to get it through court. Contributions can be made to Public Lands for the People, 7194 Conejo Dr, San Bernardino, CA 92404. Make sure you designate your contribution to support Bruce Beatty.

More roadblocks to mining
The current administration continues to appease environmental organizations and place additional roadblocks in front of public land users. Here’s the latest:
The US Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) approved petitions to consider over 425 new species as threatened or endangered in 2011. The agency is also considering a new Endangered Species Act definition that would change the way they define “significant portion of its range.” The new definition would require prohibitions across all of a species range even if it is determined that the species is considered threatened or endangered on only a portion of that range.

Interior Secretary Ken Salazar has placed a 20-year mineral withdrawal on over 1 million acres near Grand Canyon National Park.

“This unilateral, arbitrary decision is an extreme action that is not based on science,” said Doc Hastings (R-WA), chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee.

“The Department’s own Environmental Impact Statement does not justify the withdrawal and studies have shown that uranium mining outside the park’s border can be done safely with negligible environmental impacts. We can responsibly mine while still protecting the environment. It doesn’t have to be the all or nothing approach that the Administration has unfortunately decided to take,” said Hastings.

The BLM and Forest Service are considering additional prohibitions in ten Western states to protect the “greater sage-grouse.”

The agencies are attempting to side-step the 1872 Mining Law by limiting occupancy and land use in areas where the sage-grouse is present. The news release issued by BLM stated that “human-caused disturbance in priority habitat would be limited to less than 2.5% of the species’ total habitat, regardless of surface ownership. In priority habitat areas where more than 2.5% of the surface area has already been disturbed, the BLM would not authorize any further disturbance.”

The proposed alternative would essentially obtain the results of an Endangered Species Act listing without going through the ESA process.
A Report on National Greater Sage-Grouse Conservation Measures” is available on the Internet. (It may take a minute or two to load.)

A brief public comment period will close on February 7, 2012. Comments for the eastern region (Colorado, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, and parts of Montana and Utah) can be emailed to

Comments for the western region (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and parts of Montana and Utah) can be emailed to 
© ICMJ's Prospecting and Mining Journal, CMJ Inc.
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