Huge California Nugget A Hoax
August 2011 by Scott HarnThe nugget featured on our June 2010 cover appears to be a hoax of sorts. It’s certainly a large, beautiful specimen, but the location of the find and method of recovery appear to have been fabricated.
“We did a one-day mapping of the bedrock in this area with the expressed intent of finding concentrations of heavy gold based on the mining science of what river features cause gold to settle in certain areas,” Jim Sanders told us at the time. “...it was found in a deep crevice covered by ancient cemented rock. We literally had to chisel it out to get to the nugget,” he added.
Sanders, who also goes by the name of James Grill, sent photos to the Journal which purportedly showed historic tailing piles in the area where the nugget was located, along with a picture of the 98.6 troy ounce nugget laying in a hole on top of compacted gravels.
Sanders claimed he used ground-penetrating radar to survey his private property in Nevada County, California, and uncovered the chunk of gold with a backhoe when he was following up on one of the anomalies found by the radar.
Sanders had turned the nugget over to Holabird-Kagin Americana auction house in Reno. The specimen was marketed as the “Washington Nugget” after the small town of Washington in California’s Mother Lode where it was supposedly found. It was believed to be the largest surviving California nugget in existence, and it sold for $460,000 in March 2011.
Sanders was also having his property assessed for sale by the auction company when his story began to unravel. It seems a copy of our June 2010 issue made its way into the hands of Murray Cox over in Australia. He is the prospector who originally found the nugget near Ballarat in 1987.
Cox said he sold the nugget, named “The Orange Roughie” after the Australian fish, for $50,000 to a man in Arizona in 1989. He didn’t know how the nugget ended up in Sanders’ possession.
Cox contacted the auction company and provided them with photos and newspaper articles documenting the original find.
“The parties have mutually concluded that the nugget was from Australia,” said auction house owner Fred Holabird, who is also a mining geologist.
Holabird said the buyer received a refund and the nugget was subsequently sold to another bidder for a lower price.
Holabird added that the involved parties agreed that fraud charges against Sanders were not necessary.
We attempted to contact Sanders by phone, but the woman who answered stated they would not comment on the story. We also tried to reach him by email, but his account is no longer in service.
The price paid by the new buyer was not disclosed.
The type of mine dump that is best for metal detecting are the ones that consist of mixed sizes of rock and are located near some sort of excavation, commonly a shaft or adit. Sometimes the piles located along a trench dug by the miners can be productive as well.
I got a signal but knew it was small. Still, I was very happy to find something. I continued and got another signal. Yes! A bigger nugget! Then I got another signal.
“Much of the ground where Ms. Hollingshead found her diamond is made of unweathered volcanic rock. When it rains, flowing runoff often leaves loose gravel, and sometimes diamonds, on the surface in these areas.”
My intention was to end this discussion with waypoints and routes, then I found USGS maps of the Plainfield Quadrangle.
I couldn’t wait to get started. With no field budget, an assay budget of $100/year, a 1975-Ford Bronco that was a road hazard, a gas card, a topo map and full support of the director, I headed to the State Line district near Tie Siding along US Highway 287 to begin mapping kimberlite.
Maybe we could find a few pieces of ore from that tunnel? It was worth a try. The old timers didn’t have that stamp mill for looks, so we set off to get some samples.
“Metal detecting is not a social function.” So said a good friend of mine. And it’s true. But that’s not to say the benefits of having a prospecting partner don’t outweigh those of being alone.
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