Professional Equipment for Serious Detectorists!

Magazine

History & Geology

Heavy Sands Mining

Lately my mind has been involved with group 4 of the transition elements, namely titanium, zirconium, and hafnium. They all have similar chemical properties. Of greatest interest to economic geologists and miners is that these valuable elements often occur together in sands.

Online access required. Please .

Add a Comment

Additional articles that might interest you...

Liberty and the Phoenix Mine


Liberty, Washington is located in the mountains near Yakima and Ellensburg. There is nothing much in Liberty except for about 20 houses on patented mining claims and a lot of dry holes.

Yesterday's Gold—Today's Mine


It would seem that we are often indeed destined to repeat history. In terms of gold discovery, even with all the advancements that have been made over the years, it seems we are once again on the cusp of returning to the 1800s world of gold mining. Even as you read this, a new gold rush is taking place in a sleepy little town in South Carolina.

Ask The Experts


Sulfides and oxides—what's the difference between the two?

Prospecting With The Help of Fluvial Geomorphology


Quiz yourself about the stream in figure 5. Based on your previous knowledge of where gold is found in a stream and in this article, where do you think you will find the most gold?

The Significance of Nuggets in Placers


Chances are better that both types of gold did not come from the same source. Let's look at the probable conditions to cause two types of gold in a placer.

SS Central America Gives Up Millions in Gold Rush Era Gold


A treasure-seeking young man whose name will forever remain anonymous made the months-long journey either over land or by sailing ship to California after word spread about the gold strike in 1849.

Gold Placers of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska


The biggest obstacle is that like many streams on the Kenai Peninsula, high water during the summer months from snow melt and rain can make dredging nearly impossible. The best dredging is in the colder months of the year.

Subscription Required:
The Bawl Mill   • Ask the Experts   • Ask the Experts   • Ask the Experts   • Detecting Old Pocket Diggings   • Refractory Gold Processing   • Detecting in the Outback   • What is a Valid Mineral Discovery?   • Over the Fiscal Cliff for Tax Savings   • Extracting & Smelting Your Gold   • Online Mining Classes Now Available at Mackay   • Melman on Gold & Silver   • Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices   • Feds Challenge North Idaho Mining Claims

Free:
Legislative and Regulatory Update   • All About Garnets

Advertisements

Garrett Electronics - trusted by real miners & prospectors!
Precious Metals Recovery plants and equipment
Fighting to keep public lands open to the public
Specializing in the processing of precious metal ores!
Watch prospecting shows on your computer right now
Free Online Sample Issue