History & Geology
Critical Metals: Copper
May 2012 by Chris RalphFrom time to time I’ve been doing a series on critical metals and how important they are to our complex and technological society. This month we are going to take a look at copper, and how important that metal is to our modern lives.
Heavy Sands Mining
Lately my mind has been involved with group 4 of the transition elements, namely titanium, zirconium, and hafnium. They all have similar chemical properties. Of greatest interest to economic geologists and miners is that these valuable elements often occur together in sands.
Eastern Arizona: Gold and Base Metal Deposits—Part I
Arizona is well-known for its copper-gold porphyries and massive base metal-gold sulfide deposits such that primary gold deposits in the state are often overshadowed.
Conrey Dredge No. 4
The large buckets were favorable for the type of ground worked. The gravel was tenacious and compact, due to the existence of irregular pockets of clay.
Undiscovered Placer Deposits in Alaska
These conditions don’t just apply to Alaska and the Yukon; they apply to western Canada and even to the mountainous western United States.
Gold Rush Continues in Africa
…some miners are doing exceptionally well… with a few obtaining amounts estimated in the millions of dollars.
The Mysterious Telluride Minerals
…let’s dive in and take a closer look at these rich gold and silver-bearing minerals to find out what they are, where they form, and how to identify them.
"Gold Rush: Alaska" in the Porcupine Mining District
Honestly, I don’t believe it is likely there would be a glory hole where they described one at the bottom of the waterfall because plunging water with enough energy to scour out a large hole in bedrock would have the scouring ability to grind up and...
The Bawl Mill • Ask the Experts: gold per ton; improving assay method • Bering Sea Gold—Part II • Tucson Show Marketing • Ganes Creek Hits 10 Years—Part I • Fabulous Florence—The Golden Town of Idaho • Arizona's Vulture Gold Mine and Lost Dutchman • Replacing Your 12-Volt Pump • Melman on Gold & Silver • Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
Legislative and Regulatory Update • Ask the Experts: Ionizing mercury • El Tigre—Unlocking Values in Tailings to Jumpstart a Mine