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History & Geology

Fabulous Florence—The Golden Town of Idaho

In September 1861, on a round-about prospecting journey homeward, five California gold miners discovered gold in the area now called Florence. While watering the horses, one of the men noticed a golden color on a piece of slate bedrock in the stream...

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Critical Minerals: Tungsten


Because tungsten minerals are heavy, exploration can be done using stream sediment samples. Prospectors looking for gold have found scheelite or wolframite in their placer concentrates, and in some cases this has led them to make important tungsten finds.

Understanding Large Gold Deposit Types: Discovering New Mines


The other opportunity that I see is in seeking unusual types of deposits. Specifically, the prospector would be searching for the stuff no one (or almost no one) is searching for. These deposits are effectively hiding in plain view.

How Rich Must My Ore Be?


How rich does a hard rock ore have to be for it to be worthwhile to process and extract the gold?

Undiscovered Placer Deposits in Alaska


These conditions don’t just apply to Alaska and the Yukon; they apply to western Canada and even to the mountainous western United States.

The Silver Islet Mountains of Utah


Apparent fault offset.I set up my dry washer on the north side of the cut and sampled the bed rock and dumps around me. As I was only sampling, I ran for 20-30 minutes, shoveling from a variety of areas.

Hard Rock and Placer Gold of Manhattan, Nevada


He found 5 to 7 feet of gravel containing half an ounce per yard. This started a rush of placer activity and several other shafts were sunk, with some large multi-ounce nuggets being found.

Gold in Beatty, Nevada


In this case, signs of gold were found at the bottom of the alluvial and then traced in a triangle up the face of the mountain until they stopped—that is where the digging began.

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