Big win for miners in fight to restore suction gold dredging in California
September 24, 2014by Scott Harn, Editor/Publisher
ICMJ's Prospecting and Mining Journal
As we reported previously, another court case involving suction gold dredging with huge implications for California has been making its way through the courts. This case is People v. Rinehart.
While the plaintiffs in the consolidated suction dredging court cases have been attending mandatory settlement hearings in San Bernardino County in front of Judge Gilbert Ochoa, the Rinehart case has been on appeal.
Brandon Rinehart was a suction gold dredger who operated with a permit until California stopped issuing permits in 2009. Rinehart continued dredging in protest, and on June 16, 2012, he was cited for dredging without a permit on his own federal mining claim.
Rinehart pled guilty while retaining his right to appeal. He was fined $832 and given three years probation.
Attorney James Buchal handled the appeal to the California Court of Appeal, Third Appellate District. In his opening brief, Buchal explained, "...the central, pivotal issue is the question of whether federal mining laws preempt state laws prohibiting and regulating suction dredge mining..."
Buchal did an excellent job of laying out the facts and backing Rinehart's position with federal laws and established case law in the thirty-eight page opening brief and subsequent reply briefs.
The usual suspects -- the Karuk Tribe and the Center for Biological Diversity -- filed amicus curiae briefs in support of the State of California. The Pacific Legal Foundation and Western Mining Alliance joined, filing amicus curiae briefs in support of Rinehart.
Today, September 24, 2014, attorney James Buchal sent out the following message:
Murphy & Buchal LLP
3425 SE Yamhill Street, Suite 100
Portland, Oregon 97214
telephone: (503) 227-1011
fax: (503) 573-1939
To: Jerry Hobbs, Public Lands for the People
From: James L. Buchal
Date: September 24, 2014
Re: Court of Appeals decision in People v. Rinehart
Yesterday the California Court of Appeal, Third Appellate District, issued a unanimous opinion generally affirming our theory of federal preemption in the mining context. This is a big win for the mining community, which has been attempting for roughly five years, through multiple cases in multiple forums, to secure a judicial ruling on the 2009 moratorium and its successors.
What is especially helpful is that the Court gave great weight to our position that particular regulations might become “‘so severe that a particular land use [in this case mining] . . . become[s] commercially impracticable’ (Granite Rock, supra, at p. 587)” (Opinion at 19.) The Court did not adopt the State’s position that only an outright ban of any and all mining might possibly run afoul of federal supremacy, much less its position that there was, in substance, no such thing as federal supremacy in the mining context. Rather, the Court indicated that federal preemption doctrine did provide a potential defense to Mr. Rinehart’s prosecution, but the record was not complete enough in this case to finally resolve the question.
This was because the Superior Court of Plumas County had refused to let Mr. Rinehart present his evidence that the inability to obtain a permit for suction dredging in fact made it “commercially impracticable to exercise [his] . . . mining rights granted to him by the federal government”. (Opinion at 19.) Thus Court of Appeal remanded the case back to Plumas County for a trial on this issue. Mr. Rinehart will now be permitted to testify that mining by hand is not practicable, and we expect he will have an opportunity to present expert testimony as well. A full-blown trial will be more expensive than the initial proceedings.
It is also possible, however, that the State will determine to dismiss the case in what it might call “the interest of justice.” The State might do this because the Court declared that the opinion should not be published, while a second opinion following the trial would be much more likely to be published.
The nonpublished nature of the opinion means, in theory, that other litigants in California are forbidden to cite it in court filings. However, we are entirely confident that the Judge overseeing the coordinated cases in San Bernardino County Superior Court will become aware of the decision, and that it will have a positive effect on the ongoing settlement negotiations. Moreover, under Rule 8.1120 of the California Rules of Court, “any person” may request that an unpublished opinion be published. I would recommend that the PLP and as many other miners and mining entities as possible file requests for publication.
We have appreciated the important and generous support we have received from PLP, and hope that PLP will continue to support Mr. Rinehart as it becomes necessary to develop a full factual record in the Superior Court of Plumas County. PLP should be proud of its material contributions toward making a real difference for the mining community in California.
James L. Buchal
The next hearing in San Bernardino County in front of Judge Gilbert Ochoa on the consolidated cases will be held September 30, 2014. You can bet we will keep you posted on the progress.
In the meantime, there's no time like the present to lend your support to Public Lands for the People. We here at the Prospecting and Mining Journal have donated tens of thousands of dollars to PLP. You can lend a hand by getting a PLP membership or by buying some of the donated items for sale on their eBay page.
We are in this fight to win it!
P.S. Here is a link to the Third Appellate Court case file for Brandon Rinehart, which includes links to the briefs and related documents.