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August 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 12)

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The Bawl Mill
• Even Navy Seals aren't safe from hackers
• Good news, bad news
by Staff
Ask The Experts
Hydraulic remnants or just lose material?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
Problems finding gold with a detector
by Chris Ralph
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Lawsuits galore
• Suction dredging saga continues
• HR 1937 to streamline permitting, remove obstacles to miners
• Sage-grouse debate continues
• More National Monuments
by Scott Harn
Detecting During Summer Heat
This concept of detecting does not always work as we sometimes get a week or so where the temperatures rise to 116°—sometimes more.
by Ray Mills
Surviving The Boom and Bust Cycle
Back when I was in college, when I first started classes, the demand for new engineers was so strong that every graduate had multiple job offers without even trying.
by Chris Ralph
A Great Day On The Feather River
Mike and Machael dug in just downriver of that boulder pile and right away found good color and a few small pickers.
by Tom Leftwich
MMAC & PLP Update -- Rand Mining District Gets Organized
The process of updating the Rand Mining District is underway and you’ll see a Public Notice in this issue requesting interested parties to submit an application to serve on the board.
by Scott Harn
Prospecting for Silver Deposits
In some ways, silver is the forgotten precious metal because it straddles both the world of precious metals and jewelry, while having many important  industrial applications like a base metal. The price of silver reflects both the precious metal investment demand as well as the industrial demand.
by Chris Ralph
Give That Club Claim A Chance
My first trip to the claim was the tip-off that there might be larger gold to be found. I brought my puffer drywasher and my dad to a local prospecting club outing that was held at the claim.

by Joe Chmiel
From Curiosity to Mine Owner
His brother’s friend showed him a vial of gold that originated from his family’s mine in Honduras. Within two weeks Ernie had flown to Honduras to get a first-hand tour of the historic mine and the primitive operation underway to recover the gold.
by Scott Harn
Gold and Rare Earth Elements in New Mexico
We import nearly all of our REEs from China, so it’s critical that we find and continue to develop domestic resources of these elements.
by Bill Rich
Will El Nino Move Gold for Miners and End California Drought?
I remember in the couple of years after that 1997 flood, prospectors around California did very well, taking ounces of gold from places that had not yielded any gold for years before that.
by Chris Ralph
Melman on Gold & Silver
Next, all of silver’s chart action since   mid-2011 has taken place under a declining trend line (dotted line), which has held for more than four years. Any trendline of that duration must be taken seriously.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff

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July 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 11)

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The Bawl Mill
• No experience needed
• A false sense of security
by Staff
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• WOTUS
• Sheriff withdraws Forest Service law enforcement authority
by Scott Harn
Ask The Experts
Q: What amount of silver is considered the best find ever?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
Q: Is there a correlation between fault zones and mineralization of economic metals?
by Chris Ralph
Trail to Treasure
We are both very experienced working this type of ground, and we quickly found the pay layer where we would focus our efforts. The bedrock has good gold, but so does the red hard pan.
by Adam H
The Smell of Gold -- Part II
While mapping, I also found rock chips in the soil that were characteristic of the same wall rock alteration that occurs adjacent to the known lodes in the greenstone belt.
by W. Dan Hausel
Hard Rock University: Expensive Hobby or Real Business?
Improper sampling techniques lead to more avoidable heartache than almost anything else in micro mining.
by Keith Bowen
The Reason We Fight
Joy was written on his face, holding up the nugget—his first ever nugget—that he and his grandpa dug up together.
by Ron Kliewer
My Great Nevada Adventure
…with renewed determination and a belief in success, I did finally find a nugget. It was there waiting under a bush not 50 feet from my truck.

by Fred Mason
MMAC & PLP Update
On July 4, we are reminded of the sacrifices our Founding Fathers made to establish this great country of ours, and in that spirit, the Minerals and Mining Advisory Council (MMAC) has created a draft Declaration of Miners.And MMAC has been hard at work writing a bill, with the unwavering support of several members of Congress, to reaffirm the rights of miners operating in traditional mining districts.
by Scott Harn
Prospecting for Pegmatites
…in some cases pegmatites have produced individual mineral crystals that are enormous, attaining lengths of over 40 feet long, and many of the world’s largest mineral crystals are examples that were found within pegmatite deposits.

by Chris Ralph
Melman on Gold & Silver
Many gold and silver observers have been more than slightly concerned regarding the lack of any sustained rally...
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff

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June 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 10)

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The Bawl Mill
• Ripe for the picking
by Staff
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• California dredging update
• Favorable bills in Congress
by Scott Harn
Ask The Experts
If it's gold, how should I clean it?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
Gold in clastic black shale
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
Sulfides and oxides—what's the difference between the two?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
Geologic references for northern Nevada
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
Is this a valid claim?
by Chris Ralph
Companion Gold
Easing around the bedrock ledges and rock hopping, Terry and I came out into the open and were looking at a nice run of bedrock.
by Ray Mills
The Smell of Gold—Part I
Some claim they can smell gold. This may be, but when I take a whiff of gold, I smell dirt, rotten eggs, garlic or just nothing: my nose is everything but sensitive.
by W. Dan Hausel
A Few Tips and Tricks for Beach Mining
When you think about the extremes to which a miner will go to get a little gold, it occurred to me beach gold could be "easy pickings."
by R L Ross
The Basics of Froth Flotation
I thought it might be worthwhile to take a look at the basics of this important mineral separation technique and how a miner can use it to recover the values out of an ore.
by Chris Ralph
Direct and Constructive Notice
It's a proven civil remedy to put an end to harassment by notifying a person who is either overstepping their authority, or failing to act as required, that they will be sued personally for an act or omission.
by Scott Harn
Update on MMAC & PLP
Public Lands for the People is working on a Miner's Bill of Rights with the support of several members of Congress.
by Scott Harn
Moore Creek, Alaska—Then and Now
The gold was very chunky and much of it had quartz attached. Even back then I knew that the gold was very close to its source.
by Steve Herschbach
Nome Offshore Dredging Creates Challenges
The Alaska state government has been trying to keep up with and maybe even stay on top of the situation by studying the problems associated with rapid growth and how to solve them.
by Jim Halloran
Mining Journal Wins Again!
by Staff
The Montanore Copper and Silver Project
This adit will be nearly 3.5 miles long when it reaches the ore zone.
by Chris Ralph
Family Wins Back Seized Gold Coins
A family was awarded the rights to 10 rare gold coins possibly worth $80 million or more...
by Maryclaire Dale
Melman on Gold & Silver
...further strength in the Dollar, weakness in Crude Oil, and potential bearish action in gold and silver may yet be ahead.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Sharon A. Murray

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May 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 9)

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The Bawl Mill
• On a personal note...
• The numbers don't lie...much
• The blame game
by Staff
Legislative and Regulatory Update
Suction dredging court cases in California linger on
by Scott Harn
Ask The Experts
What type of sluice box for my trommel?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
Is a miniature spectrometer in our future?
by Chris Ralph
California's Mother Lode Quartz Veins
The actions of the hot, ore-bearing solutions are not limited only to the deposition of material within the walls of the fissures.
by Chris Ralph
Key to Successful Prospecting: Confidence
The one undeniable truth in prospecting is that the more time you spend in the field, the more gold you will find. Here are a few keys I use to help build my confidence.
by Michael Greyshock
What To Look For—And Look Out For—In A Placer Mineral Report
Buying a placer claim or investing in a placer mining property comes with plenty of financial risks. You need as much information as possible about the mineral deposit in order to minimize those risks.
by Jim Halloran
Additional Note on Bluff's Beach
I need to mention some additional information pertaining to our recent article on Alaska’s Bluff’s beach…
by Scott Harn
Surface Indications Of Quartz Adularia Epithermal Deposits
I am going to keep to the basics of surface indications and visual clues in the rocks and minerals themselves that help me find gold-bearing veins in this classification of deposits.
by Alex Dolbeare
Montana’s Rosetta Stone: Discovering Mines In The Treasure State
This is the intelligent way to start modern prospecting. The value of literary research yields challenging outings, specimens, history and geologic research.
by Don Madore
Perception of Mining vs. Reality
Many modern mining companies have taken to making a special effort to ensure the goods and services they need are supplied as much as possible out of the local economy.

by Chris Ralph
Partnering for Tax Savings
Although a partnership does not pay taxes on its profits, it must report its operating losses or profits to the IRS on Form 1065, US Return of Partnership Income.

by Mark E. Battersby
Over The Divide: Charles Lewis Garrett
by Staff
Piggin' for Gold
Take a look at the picture—it’s pretty simple and you can build it yourself.
by Tom Leftwich
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff
Melman on Gold & Silver
Long-term, the outlook remains very favorable—but the obvious and important question is when we might expect a solid bull market revival to take place.
by Leonard Melman
Update on MMAC & PLP
I’ve fielded a few questions following several articles we published last month on the creation of the Minerals and Mining Advisory Council (MMAC) and the return to traditional mining districts. Some of those questions have been very good and I’m going to answer them here for the benefit of all our readers.

by Scott Harn

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April 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 8)

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The Bawl Mill
• The EPA is in your bathroom!
• Russians fund US environmental groups
by Staff
Our Readers Say
Then I had one of my worst experiences as a prospector when I visited the US Forest Service office for this area.

by Staff
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Positive bill passes House
• Anti-mining bill dies in Washington State
by Scott Harn
Ask The Experts
• Making a noisy dredge more quiet
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts
• Two questions: Is fool's gold magnetic? And how do you go about filing a miing claim?
by Chris Ralph
Exploring Snakehead
On our fourth trip, we finally reached the top edge of the old hydraulic pit, and it was monstrous.
by Don Robinson
One of the Richest Beaches Ever Mined
Everyone has heard of the golden beach at Nome, but Nome did not have the richest beach.
by Jim Halloran
Prospecting for Gold in Baja California
It was one of those awkward situations as we walked, fatigued and too thirsty to speak a word.
by Gabriel Morales
What's All This Talk About Mining Districts?
The main problem with the current scheme is that regulatory agencies often consult with you, then disregard your concerns and do what they want anyway.
by Scott Harn
The Power of Mining Districts
...Most importantly, the mining districts can open the federal land to multiple-use by the public on principles of inclusion rather than the present-day exclusions...
by Clark Pearson
What is a Mining Right?
A mining right is a powerful and not commonly understood concept that is all too often watered down by agency regulatory interference...
by Clark Pearson
The Gold, Silver and Base Metal Mines of Eureka, Nevada
...the area around Eureka, Nevada is well mineralized and seems to have a bright potential for future production of all sorts of metals.
by Chris Ralph
Jadeite in California
...two jadeite locations in California have been thoroughly researched by geologists. There are no doubt others that lie in wait.
by Bill Rich
Tips for Detecting Nugget Patches
Certainly many other successful nugget hunters have mentioned these methods; hopefully I can add to or clarify these methods.

by Fred Mason
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff
State Lends Help to County in Nevada Road Fight
Nevada’s attorney general for the first time is joining a rural county in a 15-year-old legal battle...
by Associated Press
Melman on Gold & Silver
…the general investment community has turned away from mining shares over the past three years and moved whole-heartedly into conventional investments.
by Leonard Melman
Utah Approves funds to Fight Feds
Republican legislators say the funding is necessary to protect state interests...
by Associated Press

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March 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 7)

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The Bawl Mill
• A sobering revelation
• "Greenbacks" for green energy
by Staff
Our Readers Say
by Staff
Ask The Experts
Q: Does gold get stuck in the crucible?
by Steve Hamilton
Ask The Experts
Q: Conflicting advice on motorized small-scale mining equipment
by Jan Alexander
Ask The Experts
Q: Is this gold or some other metal?
by Chris Ralph
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Flurry of new bills in Congress
• Gold mining bills in Washington State
• Idaho suction dredging bill
• California suction dredging update
• PLP fundraising drive

by Scott Harn
Just Another Ordinary Weekend
There was no evidence that anyone else had ever worked this gully with the exception of some old sample piles near the foot of the ravine.

by Adam H
Small-Scale Hard Rock Mining With Water Recycling
Once I have established the presence of gold in the sample, I collect five-gallon bucket quantities of the rock material for processing back at my shop.
by Bruce Mann
The Paragenesis of Gold & Silver Deposits
…if you are game for digging in and learning more about the intricate details of how gold deposits form, then let’s jump right in.
by Chris Ralph
Getting A Successful Start in Metal Detecting for Gold
Once you have a detector, learn how to use it and get out in the field—you can’t find anything with it in your garage.
by Michael Greyshock
Placer Mining At Chititu Creek, Alaska
There is reason to believe these stream valleys are still rich with gold, silver and copper.
by Jim Halloran
Gold Rush Continues in Africa
…some miners are doing exceptionally well… with a few obtaining amounts estimated in the millions of dollars.
by Chris Ralph
Gold Refining In The Ancient World
One thing that stood out for me is that Agricola was very specific about the type of metal or wood in the implements and vessels that were to be used.

by Bill Rich
Tasers and Mining Don't Mix
First, the US Forest Service does not have any authority to enforce or administer any “claim jumping” laws, period.
by Shannon Poe
Thinking Outside The Creek
Imagine for a minute the year is 1850. You’ve read and heard that gold was discovered in California and the creeks are so rich you can just scoop it up with your hands.
by Shannon Poe
Melman on Gold & Silver
…money creation by central banks… could even accelerate further as governments desperately seek to stimulate some sort of powerful economic growth. Historically, rapid money creation rates have been positive for gold and silver.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff

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February 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 6)

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The Bawl Mill
• From NASA, with warmest regards
• Anything new to report?
by Staff
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Comments needed on another BLM management plan
• AEMA joins with others in lawsuit asking court to set aside illegal settlement

by Scott Harn
Ask the Experts
• How to find info on a particular mining claim
by Chris Ralph
Ask the Experts
• Drones for the independent prospector
by Chris Ralph
Ask the Experts
• Is this old mining story too good to be true?
by Chris Ralph
Mining Community Loses A Great Leader: Gerald "Jerry" Hobbs
He certainly wasn’t afraid of a fight or a court battle, and he didn’t back away from calling out those who tried to compromise the rights of miners.
by Scott Harn
Suction Gold Dredge Miners Win On Federal Preemption
Judge Ochoa went so far as to call the California permit scheme “unenforceable.”
by Scott Harn
Metal Detector Testing Methods
It will not be any easier than on your table at home, and so testing a very small test target like the ballpoint pen can tell you immediately if a detector is suitable for looking for tiny gold nuggets.

by Steve Herschbach
The Silver, Gold and Gemstones of Candelaria, Nevada
The Candelaria area is of interest to prospectors not just for silver, gold and other metals, but also for the beautiful gemstones found there.
by Chris Ralph
Mining for Non-Geologists Field Trip Offered by GSN
The three-day trip will be led by long-time and well-respected Nevada consulting geologist Buster Hunsaker and will include tours of active gold, copper and industrial mineral mines, as well as stops that will examine new exploration and closure projects.
by J. A. Kizis, Jr.
Gold in The Silver Crown District, Wyoming
When my field assistant Jay Roberts and I entered the mine, it appeared as if someone just walked out of the mine, turned off the lights and never returned.
by W. Dan Hausel
Prospecting for Surface Flood Gold Placers on Low and Intermediate Gradient Streams
Sample panning is a very important method used to find the richest parts of a flood gold deposit before setting up equipment and running material.

by Alex Dolbeare
Introduction to Meteorites
The distribution of meteorites across the planet was, at one time, thought to be random and unpredictable.

by Mike Lucas
Money In, Money Out
With conventional financing still difficult to obtain, it is little wonder that “self-financing” is the number one form of financing used by small business owners, miners and prospectors.
by Mark E. Battersby
Uniting The Small Miners
Have you ever wondered what it is going to take to stop the insanity of politicians and environmental groups from taking away our rights?
by Shannon Poe
Melman on Gold & Silver
Why, if America’s economic performance is advancing steadily…are two especially sensitive and widely-used commodities performing so poorly?
by Leonard Melman

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January 2015 (Vol. 84, No. 5)

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The Bawl Mill
• Congressional "over"-spending bill is big win for big money
• Weapons of mass expenditure
• US taxpayers can celebrate yet another milestone
by Staff
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Some positives in spending bill
• Judge puts brakes on the EPA in Alaska
• Judge to rule in favor of suction gold dredgers
by Scott Harn
Ask the Experts
• Should I introduce mercury in the centrifugal bowl to aid gold recovery?
by Chris Ralph
Ask the Experts
• Is the Spenceville Wildlife area open to prospecting?
by Don Robinson
Ask the Experts
• How do I clean up gold encrusted with iron-sulfides?
by Chris Ralph
Ask the Experts
• How do I get mining claims appraised?
by Chris Ralph
Return to Chicken, Alaska
I figured it would be quite conservative of me to shoot for about four ounces of gold instead of the twelve ounces I had found in 2013.
by Steve Herschbach
How to Field Evaluate A Placer Property
If there is misleading wording anywhere, it will be in the sample data and in reserve/resource estimates.
by Jim Halloran
The Pothole Patch
"Suh-wheet!" I exclaimed as I sprang to my feet and quickly pumped my detector coil high overhead to alert Smokey that I had just found a nugget.
by Lunk
All About Pyrite
Most prospectors learn early that pyrite is fool's gold...but the truth is it can be an excellent indicator mineral for gold and in many cases does contain small amounts of gold.
by Chris Ralph
Diamond Prospecting in Indiana
My first personal experience with placer diamonds was on a gold prospecting trip in Indiana about 8 years ago, when a fellow prospector was cleaning his gold concentrates.
by Alex Dolbeare
Significant Progress for California Suction Gold Dredgers
It was a milestone day in the battle to maintain the rights of miners to dredge on federal mining claims in California.
by Ron Kliewer
Why Did This Silver Mine Close? -Conclusion
Strategic metals that are found mostly in lead-zinc-silver ores are antimony, arsenic, bismuth, gallium, germanium and tellurium.
by Bill Rich
The Ely Copper-Gold District of Nevada
The main ore deposits of the Ely district are associated with an east-west belt of altered and mineralized rocks measuring about one mile wide that extends 8 miles westward from Ely.
by Chris Ralph
Melman on Gold & Silver
The question of relentless government payouts continues to haunt the political system.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff

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