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January 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 5)

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The Bawl Mill
• By the numbers...
• Railway plan is a bit off track

by Staff
Our Readers Say
Suggestions for claim jumpers
by Dr. Ralph E. Pray
Ask The Experts—Amalgamation
Q: Exactly how does amalgamation work? Does it “melt” the gold (or copper, or silver, etc.) and form an alloy? If one leaves a piece of gold in mercury, will the entire sample become an amalgam (combination) of gold and mercury? Or does it only affect the surface...
by Chris Ralph
China Gold Imports Increased 500% in 2010
It’s been no secret that the prices of gold and silver have been moving upward at a fast clip in recent months. Gold has soared 27 percent so far this year. There has not been a significant drop-off in production, so it’s been evident that an increase in demand has been a part of the force driving the price upward.
by Chris Ralph
Tips for Effective Drywashing
Back in October I read with great interest Chris Ralph’s article on the use of a metal detector while drywashing, and I wholeheartedly agree—I wouldn’t even consider going drywashing without using a metal detector in conjunction...
by Ron Kliewer
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• California suction dredgers had better prepare for battle
by Scott Harn
Great Panther Silver
The company acquired the Guanajuato Mine Complex in 2005, and since that time they have carried out extensive drilling programs, both from surface and underground, with particular emphasis being placed on the Cata Clavo Zone.
by Leonard Melman
The Downieville Gold District
Many locals are just waiting for California to allow dredging once more, especially with the current gold prices. There are still plenty of good opportunities for prospectors in this area, just as it has been for so many years.
by Chris Ralph
Oregon Miners Take DEQ to Court, Again
Since 2005, a group representing a handful of Oregon and Washington mining organizations, centered around the Eastern Oregon Mining Association (EOMA) and the Waldo Mining District (WMD), have been actively fighting the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) over their then new “700PM Suction Dredge Mining Permit.”
by Tom Kitchar
Rattler's Gold
Rick donned a pair of fiberglass shin guards that he normally wore dredging, just in case he uncovered the rattlesnake during his digging and rock moving. I wasn’t convinced they were going to provide enough protection.
by Tom Leftwich
Successful Gold Prospecting
There are loads of new gold prospectors attracted by the current high prices, and so I thought it might be a great time to take a look at what makes some prospectors so much more successful than others.
by Chris Ralph
US Mint to Offer Other Precious Metal Coins
Investors and collectors may also be able to purchase palladium coins after President Obama signed a bill authorizing palladium coins if there is sufficient demand.
by Scott Harn
The Business of Mining: Unlimited Possibilities With LLCs
Once all of the pros and cons are considered, many miners and prospectors have discovered the so-called “Limited Liability Company” is the most profitable operating entity for their venture.
by Mark E. Battersby
Silver Boom Prompts Idaho Mine Expansion
The Lucky Friday is already one of North America’s deepest hard-rock mines. Now, the 62-year-old mine is about to get much deeper.
by Associated Press
Melman on Gold & Silver
When we look ahead into 2011, we see continuing troubles such as those listed earlier, which will force the public to question the effectiveness of the entire concept of economic strength and vitality through government interventions. In fact, many of those interventions have been abject failures, and we wonder if or when the public will lose confidence in the entire system.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes & Mineral and Metal Prices
by Staff

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February 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 6)

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The Bawl Mill
• Unsustainable is an understatement
• Famous last words...
• Their good deed did not go unnoticed
• Truth in Advertising

by Staff
Our Readers Say
by Staff
The Basics of Crushing and Milling Operations
In processing gold, silver and other valuable ores, the minerals containing the values, such as metallic gold, silver-bearing sulfides or other minerals, must be freed from the surrounding host rock before those valuable minerals can be captured.
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—What minerals are magnetic? Can rare earth magnets capture platinum?
What minerals are magnetic? I have heard that super magnets (rare earth magnets) can capture platinum. True?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—Jet nozzle or suction nozzle? Which is best for my highbanker?
I have a highbanker, and I am considering adding a suction piece to make it a combo.
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—Precious metals in water?
How can I determine if there are precious metals in the groundwater?
by Chris Ralph
Rediscovering Placerville, California
Several areas came to mind, but each was eliminated for one reason or another. One that seemed to be hanging on was the old historic mining town called Placerville.
by Don Robinson
Eastern Arizona: Gold and Base Metal Deposits—Part I
Arizona is well-known for its copper-gold porphyries and massive base metal-gold sulfide deposits such that primary gold deposits in the state are often overshadowed.
by W. Dan Hausel
Over The Divide—Daryl J. Nelson
We were very sad to learn that Darryl J. Nelson, long-time owner and operator of Reno Prospectors Supply in Reno, Nevada, died December 18, 2010...
by Staff
Mud Men: Pocket Miners of Southwest Oregon—Part I
Rocks and minerals associated with clay seam gold deposits in southern Oregon are often in sedimentary rock units at least partially metamorphosed into argillite. They are also associated with mafic volcanic rocks, basalts and gabbro that...
by Tom Bohmker
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Backdoor Wild Lands order
• PLP reports on latest dredge lawsuit
• Massive lands bill avoided
• No cap and trade for now
• RS-2477 rights affirmed
by Scott Harn
Cyanide-Free Gold Separation
Some ores—mostly those with a high free gold content—are very amenable to gravity concentration. Well oxidized ores containing coarse gold are usually best for non-cyanide processes. Ores with significant sulfide content may require the...
by Chris Ralph
Mining Stock Quotes & Mineral and Metal Prices
by Staff
Melman on Gold & Silver
I hope long-term readers would agree that while your columnist does occasionally carry some arguments to an extreme length, I usually stay within the bounds of reason. I am pointing this out because I was struck by an economic vision a few days ago that could test those bounds.
by Leonard Melman

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March 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 7)

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2011 Gold Prospecting & Mining Summit April 23-25 in Placerville
Expert Instruction • The Latest Equipment
The Event of 2011 You Don't Want to Miss!
by Scott Harn
The Bawl Mill
• He can manage the taxpayers' money, but not his own?
• Government debt to reach yet another milestone...
• Speaking of ObamaCare...

by Staff
So You Want To Be A Full-Time Prospector?
The high price of gold and the poor economic conditions here in the US have created an unusual situation—a large number of folks are thinking seriously about getting into prospecting and digging for gold on a full-time basis.
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—Do I still have rights to this mining claim?
Q: Do I still have rights to this mining claim?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—What is a "closed" claim?
Q: I’ve been using a computer program that lists both active and closed mining claims. Can you tell me the definition of a closed claim and why they would be shown?
by Chris Ralph
Eastern Arizona: Gold and Base Metal Deposits Part II
In this review of precious and base metal deposits in Arizona, it is apparent that several significant mines and mineral deposits occur in eastern Arizona, and there is considerable potential for new discoveries.
by W. Dan Hausel
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Idaho maintains control
• Enough wilderness already
• Restraining the EPA
• Republicans on the attack
• DOI requests hard rock royalty
• New Forest Service plans
• Bill supporting small miners
• New mercury emission regs
• Latest info on California suction dredging
by Scott Harn
Rediscovering Placerville, California Part II
To get to the gold, the miners had to remove the shale pieces and stack them on the sides while sluicing the remaining material through their boxes.
by Don Robinson
Prospecting With The Help of Fluvial Geomorphology
Quiz yourself about the stream in figure 5. Based on your previous knowledge of where gold is found in a stream and in this article, where do you think you will find the most gold?
by Jim Halloran
Oregon Anti-Dredging Bill
SB 765...would tax suction gold dredgers by charging a $50 annual fee for in-state dredgers and a whopping $2,500 fee for out-of-state dredgers for each county where the miner intends to dredge.
by Scott Harn
Mud Men: Pocket Miners of Southwest Oregon Part II
How many more clays seams lie adjacent to known shear zones and quartz veins in the pocket areas of southwestern Oregon?
by Tom Bohmker
Cue Resources Seeks Uranium in Paraguay
Cue’s recent development of the Yuty Project has coincided with growing strength in the general uranium market. The price for fuel-grade uranium has risen to above $70 per pound for the first time in several years...
by Leonard Melman
The Gold of Plumas de Oro
Their rewards were far better than they had anticipated, resulting in one of the best clean-ups they had ever seen.
by Tom Leftwich
Melman on Gold & Silver
...rising inflation has been perhaps the greatest single positive influence during past golden bull markets, and the fires of inflation, particularly those driven by rising food prices, do appear to be glowing ever brighter.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff

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April 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 8)

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The Bawl Mill
• Two steps forward, several billion steps back
• No daylight "savings" in DC
• China invades Washington, DC
• Center gives new meaning to "protection"

by Staff
A New Look at Old Mines
Exploration companies are actively looking for properties with profitable potential, even if the ground was once cast off as too low in grade to be economically viable. This is especially true in states that are reasonably friendly toward...
by Chris Ralph
Mining Claims—What to Know Before You File
During the initial assessment year (the year of location), the claim maintenance fee must be paid at the time the notice of location is filed with the Bureau of Land Management. Failure to pay the claim maintenance fee will void the claim.
by Chris Ralph
Prospecting Underground: Use Caution
In underground placer work, the contact point of the bedrock tunnel and the gravel is a very weak point and always has to be timbered. The bedrock here is thin, fractured, and the gravels loose from many years of oxidizing.
by Don Robinson
Proposed Regulations for California Suction Dredging
One of the most asinine proposals in the SEIR is to require miners to state when and where they will be dredging. This information would be accessible to the public, which would make them prime candidates for getting their homes burglarized while they are out mining.
by Scott Harn
Small-Scale Concentrating and Recovery Methods
The first step in my recovery process after milling the ore to the desired size is to table it. On this particular ore, I get good results milling it to minus 100 mesh.
by Bill McCuskey
5th Circuit Ruling May Benefit Miners
This ruling comes at an opportune time, just as suction dredge miners are dealing with new proposed regulations in several western states. Be sure to cite this case when you provide comments on the regulations!
by Scott Harn
Indicator Minerals for Gold & Silver
In this article, we’re going to take a look at the minerals that contain gold and silver, and how you as a prospector can identify them in the field.
by Chris Ralph
Mud Men: Pocket Miners of Southwest Oregon Part III
The amount of gold in the traces from the low-grade scattered veinlets may be much more than the traces from the small but rich pocket, at least until the pocket hunter closes in on the rich pocket. Further confusion arises if the prospector stumbles across a placer deposit on one of the higher peaks.
by Tom Bohmker
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Oregon dredging bill defeated
• California bill would exempt dredgers from permitting
• Possible ESA listing
• Washington State tries to impose more fees on miners
by Scott Harn
Melman on Gold & Silver
Somehow, we received the impression from these two gatherings and from other conversations that bureaucrats in general are simply not aware of how difficult it is to raise capital to finance mining operations and how important it is for newer companies to show true progress in order to receive further financing.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff
Silver Mining Returning to Texas
Today, a Canadian company is reviving the mine to take advantage of silver prices that have tripled since 2009, giving the few dozen residents still living in the area more action than they’ve seen in decades.
by Associated Press

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May 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 9)

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The Bawl Mill
• From makers to takers
• Ministry of Mother Earth
• Where not to invest

by Staff
Why Haven't They Mined This Claim?
Improvements in mining equipment and techniques, along with a higher gold price, make many mining properties profitable today that may not have been in the past.
by Jim Halloran
Ask The Experts—Where can I find information on the Abby mine?
Q: I would like to know where I can find information on the Abby mine located at Hildreth, CA.
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—Is it possible for a mountain range to have good lode gold deposits and yet the area streams not carrying like deposits of gold?
Q: Is it possible for a mountain range to have good lode gold deposits and yet the area streams not carrying like deposits of gold? Or do the two go hand-in-hand?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—How do you amend a placer claim?
Q: How do you amend a placer claim?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—What happened to the BLM web site geocommunicator.gov?
Q: What happened to the BLM web site geocommunicator.gov? We cannot get mining claim info any more. Can you write about this? Or if you did what volume and number? Thanks for keeping the ICMJ alive and well.
by Scott Harn
The Ups and Downs of Geologic Faults
Faults are fractures, breaks and broken zones in the Earth’s crust where one side of the break has moved relative to the other, and they come in many different varieties.
by Chris Ralph
One Question, Forever Unanswered—Did He Really Find the Gold?
This was one of those stories where you have no doubt that the person telling it believes it to be true. But was it?
by R. V. Larson
Fountain of Youth Gold
Across and downstream of our operation was a large pile of huge boulders. It was logical to think that water forces may have deposited gold in and around these boulders. We moved our dredge over and started pulling the rock pile apart.
by Tom Leftwich
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Some good news for a change
• New 49ers win Karuk appeal
• Another Oregon bill of concern
by Scott Harn
Suction Dredging Update for California & Idaho
by Scott Harn
The Disappearance of State Mining Departments
Unfortunately, mining is politically unpopular and support of the mining industry, no matter how many jobs it brings to a state, even in times of difficult financial need, is never popular among politicians of any stripe.
by Chris Ralph
The Golden Streams of Butte County, California
Even though these were some of the earliest placer deposits to be worked, there is still plenty of gold left today—it just takes more work to recover. Knowing about the old locations where gold has been found is the first step to success.
by Frank Lorey III
Melman on Gold & Silver
This general time frame appears to be a particularly important juncture in the precious metals markets and, therefore, we should present clearly understandable reasons why our opinion leans heavily toward continuation of the precious metals bull market...
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes & Mineral and Metal Prices
by Staff

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June 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 10)

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The Bawl Mill
• California puts the “to go” in Carl’s Jr. business and others...
• Do you think Congress is serious about cutting spending?
• IMF chief needs his own bailout

by Staff
Gold Prospecting and Mining Summit
We have tentatively scheduled a date for next year’s show and we want you to know it’s not going to be on Easter weekend!
by Chris Ralph
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• More roadblocks to dredging in California
• Two Oregon Sheriffs challenge Forest Service authority
• Gold is money
by Scott Harn
Dredge Mining—Current Situation in Idaho
Tomten concedes the scenario of federal environmental agents swooping in on river dredges near historic mining towns like Idaho City, Rocky Bar or Placerville remains unlikely.
by Associated Press
Fault Zones and Prospects
As we walked back we were just reaching the point of where the faulting should be and there, covered with deep grass, was very faint evidence of an old road going up the mountainside! What was that old road doing there?
by Don Robinson
Hands-on at Iowa Hill
A number of crevices were still waiting to be cleaned out. A lot of the gold remaining in the pit was very fine sized, but a few small nuggets were also recovered.
by Chris Ralph
What Are Those Rocks In My Pan?
The placer mineral identification key is designed to answer this question. It attempts to recognize all the minerals in your gold pan concentrates.
by Jim Halloran
Good Research and Bad Luck
With every look at the box I was pulling out a few pickers and a nugget or two. The smile I had the previous night just got bigger and bigger throughout the day.
by Gail Duff
"Gold Rush: Alaska" in the Porcupine Mining District
Honestly, I don’t believe it is likely there would be a glory hole where they described one at the bottom of the waterfall because plunging water with enough energy to scour out a large hole in bedrock would have the scouring ability to grind up and...
by Jim Halloran
Wyoming's Billion Dollar Nugget—The Trilogy Ends
The next hurdle to jump was whether the trommel motor would start again after sitting on the desert for six years without being started. The last time it had taken a three foot pipe wrench to bust it loose.
by David C. Freitag
Melman on Gold & Silver
If the government can totally ignore the reality of exceeding the national debt limit, we can only wonder what all the current fuss relating to extending that limit is all about.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes & Mineral and Metal Prices
by Staff

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July 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 11)

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The Bawl Mill
• Closure on the foreclosure
• NSF checks and balances
• Third time’s a charm?

by Staff
Can't We Just Do Something?
We know we lack critical minerals. We know the causes. We know the need. We have the knowledge we need right now. Why can’t we just take action and fix the problem?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—14-day camping limit
I was informed, in a less than friendly manner, that I can only camp on the claim for 14 days of every 90.
by Chris Ralph
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Battle continues in the "Golden State"
• California Water Board needs your comments
by Scott Harn
Explosives and Mining
Explosives used correctly will save you both time and money being one of the best and most productive tools you can use.
by Jack W. Peters
Mother Lode Leaf Gold
After removing about six inches of dirt and cobbles, the sound was a bit more recognizable. I was now confident that there was a definite target and not just a ground noise.
by Matt Fabian
Dredging The Outside Bend
This stringer was where it was not supposed to be, and it contained nuggets that were not supposed to be there.
by Jim Foley
Northern Gold Mining's Garrison Gold Property
During our visit during late May, 2011, the vertical nature of the mineralized areas was clearly visible, as were numerous examples of quartz-carbonate veins in shear zones, faults and folds.
by Leonard Melman
Wyoming's Billion Dollar Nugget—The Trilogy Ends
With eight loads processed, a pumpkin-size rock fell into the hopper, stopping the whole operation until I could lift it out.
by David C. Freitag
A Good Start
We split up in order to cover a larger area and found good color almost everywhere. The bedrock was shallow on both sides of the river, but the inside bend was where we concentrated our prospecting.
by Tom Leftwich
WWII Vet & Prospector Still Going Strong
Lately I’ve been having success utilizing two types of detectors in succession. The first is a pulse induction (PI) detector with a blanket-style antennae, and I follow it up with a very low frequency (VLF) detector.
by Rod Huskey
Nevada Gold Value Up Along With Production
Nevada gold mines produced only about 6 percent more gold in 2010 than they did the year before, but the value of that gold was up a whopping 33 percent.
by Associated Press
2011 National Mining Hall of Fame Inductees
The National Mining Hall of Fame and Museum announced the 2011 National Mining Hall of Fame inductees.
by Staff
Melman on Gold & Silver
Perhaps the most important phase of our chart analysis work is to find indicators that have proven reliable in the past in terms of providing indications of future market direction. One of our favorites is the “Bank Index,” better known by its trading symbol, BKX.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes & Mineral and Metal Prices
by Staff

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August 2011 (Vol. 80, No. 12)

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The Bawl Mill
• How to end the deficit today
• Money that nobody wants
• Abandon ship!

by Staff
Our Readers Say
About 10 years ago the Forest Service told a miner that he could not stay on his claim for more than 14 days in a row. I told the miner that he could stay as long as he wants, providing he was mining.
by Staff
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• California suction dredging
• House shows support for public land use
by Scott Harn
Ask The Experts—Studies with summaries and conclusions please...
Q: ...A number of scientific studies have been done that concluded our level of dredging is “not” harmful to fish or habitat. I suggest that the Mining Journal list some of these specific studies with brief summaries and conclusions.
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—What's the cheapest way to mine quartz for gold?
Q: I have a gold mine in Colorado. There was an assay done which stated [there is] a lot of quartz within the mine. What is the cheapest way to mine it for gold? I don’t have the money for mills, etc. Can I do it by hand (during summer holidays), and how would I get started?
by Chris Ralph
Which Specific Gravity Test Works Best?
Have you ever wondered how accurate specific gravity tests are in determining the amount of gold in a specimen?
by Matt Fabian
Critical Minerals: Gold
A few quick calculations show that approximately 11 tons of gold are lost each year just in the manufacture of new cell phones.
by Chris Ralph
Jury: Gov't Rightfully Seized 1933 Gold Coins
The verdict capped an unusual civil case that combined history, coin collecting and whether the $20 “double eagles” ever legally left the US Mint.
by Associated Press
So Where's The Gold?
...we finally got back to this exploration effort. The old works there were up above the old camp, which was very significant in size.
by Don Robinson
GMV Minerals and Guyana Gold
Guyanese gold deposits occur in deformed and metamorphosed greenstones made up of alternating mafic to felsic volcanic and sedimentary rocks intruded by granitoid basoliths and stocks.
by Leonard Melman
Wyoming's Billion Dollar Nugget—The Trilogy Ends
Our testing over the past 15 years was to confirm or deny the USGS report completed in 1978. Besides the half acre test dig, we completed many additional test digs by hand and with the backhoe.
by David C. Freitag
When Legends Were Made and Fortunes Found
Sylvester Smith and his younger brother Nathan were among this group who rode and led their Indian ponies, while climbing the rugged Salmon River breaks and rockhewn mountains, looking for a path that would lead them up and over the uncharted wilderness.
by Roger O. Walker
Exploring and Mining for Uranium
For a time uranium was more popular with prospectors than gold, but this is no longer true, and it has been decades since it was common to see individuals armed with Geiger counters out in the field.
by Chris Ralph
Huge California Nugget A Hoax
Sanders claimed he used ground-penetrating radar to survey his private property in Nevada County, California, and uncovered the chunk of gold with a backhoe when he was following up on one of the anomalies found by the radar.
by Scott Harn
Melman on Gold & Silver
Occurrences such as these have proven, time and time again, that gold possesses the attribute of maintaining significant value over time, something that cannot be said of unbacked, fiat paper money where every such issuance has eventually deteriorated throughout history into virtual worthlessness.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes & Mineral and Metal Prices
by Staff

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September 2011 (Vol. 81, No. 1)

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The Bawl Mill
• Buying time
• Oops!
• Printing more money for banks and businesses...
• Food stamps = stimulus?

by Staff
Our Readers Say
by Clay Mayes
Ask The Experts - Could I stake out a 20-acre claim with a waterway running through it just as I would a lode claim?
Q: Could I stake out a 20-acre claim with a waterway running through it just as I would a lode claim?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts - Do I have any grandfathered rights that post FLPMA claim holders do not have?
Q: Does a claim holder of a claim that has been under constant, active status since 1932 have any rights that owners of newer claims do not have? In other words, do I have any grandfathered rights that post FLPMA claim holders do not have?
by Chris Ralph
Q&A With Detector Designer Dave Johnson
...it’s been a little known secret that one man was involved in designing many of the most respected very low frequency (VLF) nugget detectors on the market. Dave Johnson has designed gold-oriented detectors for Tesoro, Whites, Fisher and others for more than 25 years.
by Chris Ralph
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Salazar pushes wilderness
• California Governor signs AB 120
by Scott Harn
Dredging Tips From The Golden Rogue
Everyone has a bucket list, and one of my items has always been to dredge and dive in a major river, Oregon’s Rogue, with the opportunity to find some chunky gold.
by Jack W. Peters
Understanding and Prospecting Benches
The most obvious benches are usually near the valley floor, but they can be thousands of feet above the valley floor. Since benches were made by streams, they can contain placer deposits.
by Jim Halloran
Gold in the Slate Creek Basin
In some areas these channels were thousands of feet wide, and just figuring out where you are in some of these diggings is a challenge.
by Don Robinson
Deductions: Get 'Em While You Can
...miners, prospectors and mining related businesses are discovering that capital investments in equipment, machinery and other business assets are more affordable today than ever before.
by Mark E. Battersby
California Destroys Another Prospecting Business
His small business managed to pump millions of dollars over the years into the California economy.
by Scott Harn
Endurance Is Golden
Feeling through the mud, I felt the weight and shape of what could only be gold. Throwing my hand in the water revealed a sixteen-gram nugget oozing with character.
by Michael Greyshock
Melman on Gold & Silver
What gives this illustration great importance is America may be facing the same kind of dilemmas that have brought Japan’s market such long-term grief.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes & Mineral and Metal Prices
by Staff
The Preacher of Sheeps**t Flats
It seemed that the preacher always gave the same answer to anyone who asked where his gold had come from. His answer was, “If you know your gold, you can find it. However, you will have to find it the hard way, the way I found it.”
by R. V. Larson

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October 2011 (Vol. 81, No. 2)

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The Bawl Mill
 • By the numbers...
 • National Debt

by Staff
Legislative And Regulatory Update
• Good news on EPA regs
• California rewards key appointment to dredging foe
• Republicans seek to block creation of National Monuments
• Zimbabwe threatens seizure of mining rights
by Scott Harn
Ask The Experts—Separating platinum from sands using bubbles
I am trying to find any information about using bubbles to separate platinum from sands and small particles. I think it has to have a surfactant in the process. Do you know of this bubble tech?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—Extraction of micro gold from black sands
I know big mining companies use cyanide and other leach systems to recover gold from ore. Is this the only economically feasible way to recover the values?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—Difference between a Geiger counter and scintillator
Would you explain the difference between a Geiger counter and a scintillator and how they operate in uranium prospecting?
by Chris Ralph
Then and Now: Is Gold Really Money?
The gold from 80 years ago still holds all of its value—it’s the Dollar that has been damaged.
by Chris Ralph
Gold, Quartz & Chalcedony—Part I
Gold has always been noted to have an affinity for quartz to such a degree prospectors almost always dig on quartz veins in a search for the precious metal.
by W. Dan Hausel
Prospecting Australia—Part I
The call of gold is a strong one and it has pulled men from every corner of the planet. That said, I guess it’s now my turn to chase far away gold.
by Chris Ralph
Oregon Dredge Permit Litigation Update
In other words, just like those that move next to an airport and then complain about the noise, Mr. Riskedahl deliberately went out of his way to “witness and document the effects of suction dredge mining,” and when he found some, he was annoyed by it!
by Tom Kitchar
Gold From Black Sand Tailings
The pile up on the small hill had to be a couple yards of black sand. I’m not one to ignore a little gold even if it is small in size—I have always believed that gold fever comes in all sizes.
by Tom Leftwich
The Fine Art of Panning Heavy Sands
The fine art of panning heavy sands requires a measure of patience. If you enjoy panning gold, you ought to enjoy this too, once you get the hang of it.
by Jim Halloran
Mining Districts: A Concept Reborn
Most of the mining opposition today is centered around the small-scale miner. These miners number in the thousands and come from every walk of life.
by Jim Foley
California State Gold Panning Championships
This was a tough task and it required really fast speed and perfect gold recovery, with 210 gold panners competing to advance.
by Staff
The Golden Days of Julian, California
Some scattered reports say that gold may have been washed from streams here as early as the 1840s, but the undisputed major discovery came in 1870.
by Frank Lorey III
An Expensive Lesson
Alaska is a land of extremes and the weather is no exception. By the time we reached the mighty Yukon River we could see a dark line of clouds stretching from east to west as far as the eye could see.
by Jim Foley
Judge Denies Request To Delay Michigan Mine
Manderfield’s ruling opens the way for Kennecott Eagle to begin blasting. The company has declined to say when it will start. A spokeswoman said drilling would begin “in the coming weeks".
by John Flesher
Melman on Gold & Silver
All of these negatives have finally begun to erode bullishness on Wall Street and the financial markets began to look wobbly at best and dangerously weak at worst.
by

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November 2011 (Vol. 81, No. 3)

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The Bawl Mill
• Training to be greener...but still unemployed
• By the Numbers
• Notable Quotes

by Staff
Legislative And Regulatory Update
• Republican bill would reopen Grand Canyon withdrawal
• Obama recommends additional fees and taxes on miners
by Scott Harn
Ask The Experts—Compensation for closed mining claim?
Q: I have a gold claim that the BLM just closed. Should I get compensation for the value of the claim?
by Chris Ralph
Ask The Experts—Inconsistent fire assays
Q: ...He consistently comes up with values much higher on the same ore samples.
by Chris Ralph
Gold From Cemented Gravels
The truth is that cemented gravels are really not all that complex. There is no mystery of how gold grew there or somehow wormed its way into these solid gravels.
by Chris Ralph
Evolution Of A Gold Prospect
The adage of, “The harder I work, the luckier I get,” has profound meaning, but it doesn’t always apply to prospecting.
by R. V. Larson
Gold, Quartz & Chalcedony—Part II
The specific gravity of chalcedony is 2.58 to 2.64. This is slightly lower than coarsely crystalline quartz because of slight porosity in chalcedony. Being so light, it will easily wash out of a gold pan.
by W. Dan Hausel
Are Permits Needed For Highbanking In California?
...this contradicts the fact that mining claimants are considered landowners with exclusive rights to possess and use that claim, and miners have “riparian rights” on mining claims that do not require permitting.
by Scott Harn
Alaska to Target Rare-Earths
Alaska is in the midst of assessing its rare-earth resources, an effort pushed by Governor Sean Parnell, who sees them as another example of where the US is reliant on foreign sources to meet its needs.
by Becky Bohrer
Minnesota Delays Decision on Mineral Leases
Landowners complained that mineral mining on or near their property could damage property values while leaving them without a cut of potential profits.
by Patrick Condon
Prospecting Australia—Part II: There and Back Again
Steve got his first nugget within minutes of turning on his metal detector. It only took me about an hour to find my first piece.
by Chris Ralph
Alaska's Cripple Creek Mining District
If developed with metal detecting in mind, this virgin ground could be a bonanza for nugget hunting.
by Jim Halloran
The Gold Of Horseshoe Bend
And we eventually reached gold. It was a winding crevice of beautiful white quartz lined with small nuggets and loaded with fine gold. There were flakes and small granular pieces—there had to be a hundred or more.
by Tom Leftwich
Tyrie's Roadway Nugget
I will have to admit, I actually was brought to tears just thinking about what I had just done. I knew the gold was there, but I never thought I would be so fortunate to find such a prize nugget.
by Tyrie Bivings
Melman on Gold & Silver
In our opinion, these dizzying up and down moves reflect not so much a change in the direction of hard data, but rather fluctuations in sentiment regarding the degree of danger relating to the overall international economic structure.
by Leonard Melman

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December 2011 (Vol. 81, No. 4)

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The Bawl Mill
• $5.1 billion Postal (dis)Service loss...
• Stop the money flow...
• Doubly, even triply, irresponsible and unpatriotic...

by Staff
Our Readers Say
• Re: Tyrie's Roadway Nugget
• Re: Are Permits Needed for Highbanking in California
by Staff
Ask the Experts—Looking up mining claims on the Internet
Q: Is there an Internet source ... that one can access to review which claims and at which location are the claims that BLM administrators close each year?
by Chris Ralph
Ask the Experts—Access to mining claim across private land
by Chris Ralph
Ask the Experts—Best way to identify calaverite and sylvanite
by Chris Ralph
Ask the Experts—How do you determine how far a piece of gold has traveled in a stream?
by Chris Ralph
Legislative and Regulatory Update
• Refunds coming to Nevada claimholders
• More wilderness proposed
• Forest Service planning rule
by Scott Harn
WSGS Releases New Geologic Maps
The Wyoming State Geological Survey announced ten new geologic maps have been completed and are now available.
by Scott Harn
Prospecting on the North Yuba
The research I did for “Gold in the Slate Creek Basin” (September 2011 issue) found me chasing a channel out of the LaPorte territory headed towards the old mining town of Brandy City, California.
by Don Robinson
Yesterday's Gold—Today's Mine
It would seem that we are often indeed destined to repeat history. In terms of gold discovery, even with all the advancements that have been made over the years, it seems we are once again on the cusp of returning to the 1800s world of gold mining. Even as you read this, a new gold rush is taking place in a sleepy little town in South Carolina.
by Craig E. Redick
Where to Find Gold in Indiana
You might think that gold prospecting techniques are basically the same everywhere, and in many instances you’d be correct. Some geographical locations, however, due to their unique geological conditions, present unusual challenges...
by Chuck Lassiter
Prospecting Australia—Part III Anatomy of a Nugget Patch in Western Australia
One of the most memorable nuggets I found in Australia was detected on the very last day that I was out prospecting. I was going along swinging my coil and I came across a blaring loud signal that almost blew my ears off.
by Chris Ralph
Nevada Miners: Check Your Claim Markers
The Nevada Senate introduced SB108 in 2009 to prohibit PVC piping utilized by miners to stake mining claims.
by Scott Harn
Testing Ores for Free Gold
I get a number of questions from people about testing and treating hard rock ores. The simplest way, but also an expensive one, is to just have an assay test done by an independent assay firm. As an alternative...
by Chris Ralph
Managers at Fault for Two Deaths at Meikle Mine
Two miners were killed in an accident partly because someone wedged a broom handle against a reset button to bypass an alarm that would have shut down the system, federal safety investigators said.
by Associated Press
Cold Water Gold
It was June 2011, and my wife Fran and I with Grandson Lucas and good friend Ernie Cruz were attempting to get to our gold mining claim on the Middle Fork of the Feather River about ten miles from Quincy, California. Rain had poured down in the previous few days and the road in a large number of low places was under water. Following two hours of slugging through the mud...
by Tom Leftwich
River Dredging vs. Creek Dredging—Part I
As I started walking down to the river one chilly morning, the mist was hanging over the calm portions of the water like a white cotton blanket. This scene got me to thinking about why the river was like that—the deep pools, boulder fields, gravel bars, the effects of how much water was moving at any given time along the watercourse—and most of all the relationship all these things have on where I will be able to find gold.
by Ron Kliewer
Melman on Gold & Silver
One of the most popular medicines commonly available is “Dramamine,” defined to be, “… used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, cramps and vertigo associated with motion sickness,” according to our favorite medical dictionary. Well, after watching the various financial, political and psychological gyrations that have been taking place in the world’s markets over the past month, we might suggest that some sort of psychological Dramamine might be in order.
by Leonard Melman
Mining Stock Quotes and Mineral & Metal Prices
by Staff

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